Callender Dermatology and Cosmetic Center | Glenn Dale MD


Valerie D. Callender MD | Callender Dermatology & Cosmetic Center | Glenn Dale, MD

What is Acne?

What is Acne? | Glenn Dale MD

Acne is the term for the blocked pores (blackheads and whiteheads), pimples, and deeper lumps (cysts or nodules) that can appear typically on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and upper arms. Seventeen million Americans suffer, making it the most common skin disease in the country. While it affects mostly teenagers, and almost all teenagers have some form adults of any age can have it. These blemishes are not life-threatening, but they can cause physical disfigurement (scarring) and emotional distress.

What Causes Acne?

Acne develops whenever a pore becomes clogged, whether it is cause by built up bacteria, dead skin cells, or even your body’s natural production of oils. A soft plug is formed in a hair follicle when these particle build up on each other, causing breakouts..While we do not definitively know what causes excess oil production, many tend to point to hormones, heredity, and bacteria. However, despite popular belief, greasy foods and dirt skin do not cause breakouts (although its good to avoid these factors for other health reasons).

Acne Treatment

Acne Treatment | Glen Dale MD

Treatment for acne varies depending on the type and severity of lesions, as well as the patient’s skin type, age and lifestyle. Options include:

How to Prevent Acne

As stated above, there are many reasons for breakouts. Therefore, it cannot always be prevented, unfortunately. There are, however, ways to reduce your risk of breaking out. To help prevent breakouts, avoid the following

  • Heavy or oily cosmetics
  • Wearing makeup to bed
  • Excess sun exposure
  • Frequently touching your skin

We also encourage patients to avoid the tantalizing desire to pick at or pop these blemishes. Doing so can actually cause a worse infection to the pore and lead to more serious issues.

Acne scarring Treatment

Acne Scarring | Glen Dale MD

Medical Treatments

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